قواعد اللغة الانجليزية | تصريف الأفعال الشاذة | درس 17

27.1k مشاهدة

مرحباً بكم مع الدرس السابع عشر من دروس قواعد الإنجليزية … تصريف الأفعال الشاذة الانجليزية

الدرس السابع عشر

تصريفات الأفعال الشاذة

Conjugation of commonly used irregular verbs

 

مصدر الفعل

المضارع للشخص الثالث

الماضي للشخص الثالث

التصريف الثالث

المعنى

arise

arises

arose

arisen

ينهض – ينشأ

awake

awakes

awoke

awoken

يستيقظ- يوقظ

be

am/is/are

was, were

been

يكون

bear

bears

bore

born

تلد

bear

bears

bore

borne

يحمل – تنجب

beat

beats

beat

beat

يضرب – يهزم

become

becomes

became

become

يصبح

begin

begins

began

begun

يبدأ

bend

bends

bent

bent

يثني

beset

besets

beset

beset

يزعج – يهاجم

bet

bets

bet

bet

يراهن

bid

bids

bid/bade

bid/bidden

يأمر – يحي

bid

bids

bid

bid

يعرض ثمناً

bind

binds

bound

bound

يربط – يحزم

bite

bites

bit

bitten

يعض

bleed

bleeds

bled

bled

يدمي – ينزف

blow

blows

blew

blown

ينفخ – تهب

break

breaks

broke

broken

يكسر

breed

breeds

bred

bred

يربي

bring

brings

brought

brought

يحضر

broadcast

broadcasts

broadcast

broadcast

يذيع

build

builds

built

built

يبني

burn

burns

burned/burnt

burned/burnt

يحرق – يحترق

burst

bursts

burst

burst

ينفجر – يندلع

buy

buys

bought

bought

يشتري

cast

casts

cast

cast

ينبذ – يرفض

catch

catches

caught

caught

يمسك – يصطاد

choose

chooses

chose

chosen

يختار

cling

clings

clung

clung

يمسك – يتعلق

come

comes

came

come

يأتي

cost

costs

cost

cost

يكلف – يساوي

creep

creeps

crept

crept

يزحف – يتسلل

cut

cuts

cut

cut

يقطع – يجرح

deal

deals

dealt

dealt

يتعامل

dig

digs

dug

dug

يحفر

dive

dives

dived/dove

dived

يغوص – يغطس

do

does/do

did

done

يفعل

draw

draws

drew

drawn

يرسم – يجر – يسحب

dream

dreams

dreamed/dreamt

dreamed/dreamt

يحلم

drive

drives

drove

driven

يقود – يدفع

drink

drinks

drank

drunk

يشرب

eat

eats

ate

eaten

يأكل

fall

falls

fell

fallen

يقع – يسقط

feed

feeds

fed

fed

يطعم

feel

feels

felt

felt

يشعر

fight

fights

fought

fought

يحارب

find

finds

found

found

يجد – يعثر على

fit

fits

fit

fit

يناسب

flee

flees

fled

fled

يهرب

fling

flings

flung

flung

يندفع – يقذف

fly

flies

flew

flown

يطير

forbid

forbids

forbade

forbidden

يمنع

forecast

forecasts

forecast

forecast

يتنبأ

foresee

foresees

foresaw

foreseen

يتنبأ

foretell

foretells

foretold

foretold

يتنبأ

forget

forgets

forgot

forgotten

ينسى

forego (forgo)

foregoes (forgoes)

forewent

foregone

يسبق – يمتنع عن – يضيع

forgive

forgives

forgave

forgiven

يسامح – يصفح

forsake

forsakes

forsook

forsaken

يهجر – ينبذ

freeze

freezes

froze

frozen

يتجمد

get

gets

got

gotten

يحصل على

give

gives

gave

given

يعطي

go

goes

went

gone

يذهب

grind

grinds

ground

ground

يطحن

grow

grows

grew

grown

ينمو – يزرع

hang

hangs

hung

hung

يعلق

have

has/have

had

had

يملك

hear

hears

heard

heard

يسمع

hide

hides

hid

hidden

يخفي – يخبئ

hit

hits

hit

hit

يضرب – يخبط

hold

holds

held

held

يمسك – يحوي

hurt

hurts

hurt

hurt

يضر – يؤذي

keep

keeps

kept

kept

يحفظ – يصون

kneel

kneels

knelt

knelt

يركع

knit

knits

knit

knit

يحيك

know

knows

knew

know

يعرف

lay

lays

laid

laid

يضع – يعد

lead

leads

led

led

يقود

leap

leaps

leaped/lept

leaped/lept

يقفز

lean

leans

leant

leant

يستند – يتكئ

learn

learns

learned/learnt

learned/learnt

يتعلم

leave

leaves

left

left

يترك – يغادر

lend

lends

lent

lent

يقرض – يسلف

let

lets

let

let

يدع

lie

lies

lay

lain

يرقد – يتمدد

lie

lies

lied

lied

يكذب

light

lights

lighted/lit

lighted

يشعل – يضئ

lose

loses

lost

lost

يفقد – يخسر

make

makes

made

made

يصنع – يجعل

mean

means

meant

meant

يعني – يقصد

meet

meets

met

met

يقابل

misspell

misspells

misspelled/misspelt

misspelled/misspelt

يخطئ في التهجئة

mistake

mistakes

mistook

mistaken

يخطئ

mow

mows

mowed

mowed/mown

يجز – يكشر

misunderstand

misunderstands

misunderstood

misunderstood

يسئ الفهم

overcome

overcomes

overcame

overcome

يتغلب على

overdo

overdoes / overdo

overdid

overdone

يفرط – يبالغ

overtake

overtakes

overtook

overtaken

يتخطى – يباغت

overthrow

overthrows

overthrew

overthrown

يهزم – يسقط

pay

pays

paid

paid

يدفع

plead

pleads

pled

pled

يترافع – يناشد

prove

proves

proved

proved/proven

يثبت

put

puts

put

put

يضع

quit

quits

quit

quit

يقلع – يخرج

read

reads

read

read

يقرأ

rid

rids

rid

rid

يخلص

ride

rides

rode

ridden

يركب – يمتطي

ring

rings

rang

rung

يدق

rise

rises

rose

risen

يشرق – ينشأ

run

runs

ran

run

يجري – يشغل

saw

saws

sawed

sawed/sawn

ينشر الخشب

say

says

said

said

يقول

see

sees

saw

seen

يرى

seek

seeks

sought

sought

يبحث عن

sell

sells

sold

sold

يبيع

send

sends

sent

sent

يرسل

set

sets

set

set

تغرب (الشمس) – يقيم

sew

sews

sewed

sewed/sewn

يخيط

shake

shakes

shook

shaken

يهز – يهتز

shave

shaves

shaved

shaved/shaven

يحلق

shear

shears

shore

shorn

يقص

shed

sheds

shed

shed

يذرف – يتساقط

shine

shines

shone

shone

يلمع – يشرق

shoe

shoes

shoed

shoed/shod

يكسو – يصنع حذاء

shoot

shoots

shot

shot

يطلق النار

show

shows

showed

showed/shown

يظهر – يعرض

shrink

shrinks

shrank

shrunk

ينكمش

shut

shuts

shut

shut

يغلق

sing

sings

sang

sung

يغني

sink

sinks

sank

sunk

يغوص

sit

sits

sat

sat

يجلس

sleep

sleeps

slept

slept

ينام

slay

slays

slew

slain

يذبح

slide

slides

slid

slid

ينزلق

sling

slings

slung

slung

يقذف

slit

slits

slit

slit

يشق طولياً – يقطع

smite

smites

smote

smitten

يضرب – يؤذي

smell

smells

smelt

smelt

يشم

sow

sows

sowed

sowed/sown

يبذر

speak

speaks

spoke

spoken

يتكلم – يتحدث

speed

speeds

sped

sped

يسرع

spend

spends

spent

spent

ينفق

spill

spills

spilled/spilt

spilled/spilt

يسكب

spin

spins

spun

spun

يغزل – يفتل

spit

spits

spit/spat

spit/spat

يبصق

split

splits

split

split

يغلق – يشق

spoil

spoils

spoilt

spoilt

يتلف – يفسد

spread

spreads

spread

spread

ينشر

spring

springs

sprang/sprung

sprung

يثب – يقفز

stand

stands

stood

stood

يقف

steal

steals

stole

stolen

يسرق

stick

sticks

stuck

stuck

يلصق

sting

stings

stung

stung

يلسع – يلدغ

stink

stinks

stank

stunk

يخفق – يسئ السمعة

stride

strides

strode

stridden

يخطو خطوة واسعة

strike

strikes

struck

struck

يخبط – يضرب

string

strings

strung

strung

يشنق

strive

strives

strove

striven

يكافح

swear

swears

swore

sworn

يقسم – يحلف

sweep

sweeps

swept

swept

يكنس

swell

swells

swelled

swelled/swollen

ينتفخ – يتورم

swim

swims

swam

swum

يسبح – يعوم

swing

swings

swung

swung

يتأرجح

take

takes

took

taken

يأخذ

teach

teaches

taught

taught

يعلم

tear

tears

tore

torn

يمزق

tell

tells

told

told

يخبر

think

thinks

thought

thought

يفكر – يعتقد

thrive

thrives

thrived/throve

thrived/thriven

يزدهر – ينجح

throw

throws

threw

thrown

يرمي – يغلق

thrust

thrusts

thrust

thrust

يطعن

tread

treads

trod

trodden

يدوس

undergo

undergoes

underwent

undergone

يحتمل

understand

understands

understood

understood

يفهم

undertake

undertakes

undertook

undertaken

يتكفل – يتعهد

uphold

upholds

upheld

upheld

يدعم – يؤيد

upset

upsets

upset

upset

يقلب – يشوش

wake

wakes

woke

woken

يوقظ

wear

wears

wore

worn

يرتدي

weave

weaves

weaved/wove

weaved/woven

ينسج – يحيك

wed

weds

wed

wed

يتزوج – يشد بإحكام

weep

weeps

wept

wept

يبكي

wind

winds

wound

wound

يلف – يدور

win

wins

won

won

يفوز

withhold

withholds

withheld

withheld

يمتنع

withstand

withstands

withstood

withstood

يقاوم

wring

wrings

wrung

wrung

يعصر

write

writes

wrote

written

يكتب

إعداد الأستاذ/ حسن محمد

والأستاذة/ سناء توفيق

جميع الحقوق محفوظة لمدونة فرصة باقية 2013

مع تمنياتنا للجميع بالتوفيق وإلى اللقاء مع الدرس الثامن عشر: الماضي الافتراضي