قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية. درس4 – زمن المضارع المستمر The Present Continuous Tense

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الدرس الرابع

زمن المضارع المستمر

The Present Continuous Tense

أولاً: صياغته:

تتم صياغة زمن المضارع المستمر عن طريق استخدام تصريف فعل الكينونة (to be) في زمن المضارع البسيط مع الضمائر ثم إضافة ing في نهاية الفعل الرئيسي

am, is, are + ing

ثانياً: استخداماته:

1- يعبر عن حدث يحدث الآن مثل:

She is listening to the radio now.

They are playing football at this moment.

I can not see him now, he is making an interview.

ملحوظة:

يستخدم زمن المضارع المستمر عادة مع الكلمات التالية:

now, at this moment, at present, this week, this month, this year

My parents are coming to stay with me this weekend.

She is going to the cinema at this moment.

كما يستخدم مع كلمات لفت الانتباه مثل:

look, listen, take care, hurry up, behold…

Hurry up! We are reaching the island.

Listen! She is singing.

Look! While I am studying, he is playing.

Behold! He is praying now.

Take care! It is getting hotter.

عند إضافة ing للفعل فيجب ملاحظة ما يلي:

أولاً: الفعل المنتهي بحرف e يتم حذف هذا الحرف منه ونضع ing مثل:

come→ coming

write→ writing

close→ closing

describe→ describing

decorate→ decorating

arrive→ arriving

ride→ riding

rise→ rising

weave→ weaving

wave→ waving

undertake→ undertaking

strike→ striking

become→ becoming

drive→ driving

arise→ arising

hide→ hiding

ما عدا فعلي “dye” و “be” حيث نقول:

be→ being

dye→ dyeing

ثانياً: الفعل المنتهي بحرفي ee نضع ing بدون حذفهما مثل:

see→ seeing

agree→ agreeing

foresee→ foreseeing

flee→ fleeing

ثالثاً: الفعل المنتهي بحرف ساكن مسبوق بحرف متحرك فإننا نقوم غالباً بمضاعفة الحرف الأخير ثم إضافة ing مثل:

cut→ cutting

travel→ traveling

begin→ beginning

bid→ bidding

forbid→ forbidding

forget→ forgetting

get→ getting

hit→ hitting

knit→ knitting

shut→ shutting

spin→ spinning

spit→ spitting

split→ splitting

swim→ swimming

upset→ upsetting

win→ winning

2- يعبر عن المستقبل خاصة مع أفعال الحركة مثل:

go, come, leave, stay, sleep, fly, do, have….

Are you doing your homework tonight?

I am leaving for Cairo tomorrow.

We are staying here till the next Summer.

She is flying to Moscow next week.

He is coming in few minutes.

We are going to Alexandria next month.

3- يستخدم مع حدثين يحدثان معاً في وقت الكلام مثل:

While I am doing my homework, my sister is washing up.

We are watching television and my mother is cleaning the house.

She is waiting for me while I am hiding in the car.

4- يستخدم مع كلمة “always” لكي يعبر عن المضايقة من جانب المتحدث مثل:

He is always talking in the class.

She is always asking for help.

You are always annoying me.

We are always looking at those bad boys.

I am always asking questions with no answer.

لا يتم استخدام الأفعال التالية في زمن المضارع المستمر:

أ- أفعال الحواس مثل:

See, hear, feel, taste, smell

ب- الأفعال الدالة على المشاعر والعواطف مثل:

Adore, love, like, desire, want, wish, fear, hate, detest, dislike

ت- الأفعال الدالة على النشاط الذهني مثل:

Agree, understand, appreciate, value, believe, think, expect, know, mean, realize, recognize, trust, remember

ث- أفعال التملك مثل:

Belong, owe, own, possess

ج- الأفعال المساعدة ما عدا فعلي “be” و “have” في بعض الاستخدامات

ح- مع أفعال أخرى مثل:

Appear, seem, concern, consist, contain, include, hold, keep, cost, remain, involve, matter

وبدلاً من استخدام الأفعال السابقة في زمن المضارع المستمر يمكننا القول:

I understand you now.

While I am cleaning the clothes, he appears from nowhere.

حيث بالرغم من وجود الكلمات الدالة على المضارع المستمر فإننا قد استخدمنا تلك الأفعال في زمن المضارع البسيط.

ثالثاً: تمارين:

تمرين رقم 1:

صحح الفعل بين القوسين:

1. You can not see her now, she (have) a shower.

2. Do not disturb people while they (work).

3. This woman is never satisfied, she always (complain).

4. Are you doing your homework tonight? No, I (read) a new novel.

5. How Aly (get) on at school?

6. Do you see what Ahmed (do)?

7. Stop! You (not see) the red light?

8. What you (wait) for?

9. She is in the kitchen now. She (wash) up.

10. Look! While I (study), he (play).

11. He always (talk) in the class.

12. I am (leave) for Cairo tomorrow.

13. She is (fly) to Moscow next week.

14. We are (stay) here till the next Summer.

15. She is waiting for me while I (hide) in the kitchen.

16. He is (come) in few minutes.

17. I am (cut) the chicken now.

18. Our National Team is always (win) the matches.

19. He is always (ask) for help.

20. Are you (do) your homework tonight?

تمرين رقم 2:

اختر الإجابة الصحيحة من بين الأقواس وضعها في مكانها المحدد:

1. What …………….. with his car now? (he does, he is doing, is he doing)

2. Do not get off the bus while it ………………. (running, is running, was running)

3. I ………. it now. (want, wants, am wanting)

4. At this moment, I …………. two new shirts. (has, have, am having)

5. Look! She …………….. (playing, plays, is playing)

رابعاً: حلول التمارين:

حل تمرين رقم 1:

1. You can not see her now, she is having a shower.

2. Do not disturb people while they are working.

3. This woman is never satisfied, she is always complaining.

4. Are you doing your homework tonight? No, I am reading a new novel.

5. How Aly is getting on at school?

6. Do you see what Ahmed is doing?

7. Stop! You do not see the red light?

8. What are you waiting for?

9. She is in the kitchen now. She is washing up.

10. Look! While I am studying, he is playing.

11. He is always talking in the class.

12. I am leaving for Cairo tomorrow.

13. She is flying to Moscow next week.

14. We are staying here till the next Summer.

15. She is waiting for me while I am hiding in the kitchen.

16. He is coming in few minutes.

17. I am cutting the chicken now.

18. Our National Team is always winning the matches.

19. He is always asking for help.

20. Are you doing your homework tonight?

حل تمرين رقم 2:

1. What is he doing with his car now?

2. Do not get off the bus while it is running.

3. I want it now.

4. At this moment, I have two new shirts.

5. Look! She is playing.

مع تمنياتنا للجميع بالتوفيق وإلى اللقاء مع الدرس الخامس: زمن المضارع التام

إعداد الأستاذ/ حسن محمد

والأستاذة/ سناء توفيق

جميع الحقوق محفوظة لمدونة فرصة باقية 2012



أضف تعليق

4

تعليقات
    1. شاهى

      جزاكم الله خيرا لكن فعل زى فعل visit ليه مش بيضاعف حرف t مع ان الt قبلها حرف متحرك ؟؟؟؟

    1. yasser alalwey

      بالنسبه للنفي مع المضارع المستمر والاستفهام كيف

    1. john

      شكرا والله فعلت خير .